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How to Serve Like a Pro in 7 day: Volleyball Serving Techniques

Fundamentals of Serving

1. Stance and Position

  • Feet Position: Start with your feet shoulder-width apart. For a right-handed serve, place your left foot slightly ahead of your right foot, and vice versa for left-handed servers.
  • Weight Distribution: Distribute your weight evenly between both feet, with a slight forward lean to help generate momentum.
  • Ball Hold: Hold the ball with your non-dominant hand at waist height. Keep your hand relaxed but firm to maintain control of the ball.

2. Toss

  • The toss is crucial for the accuracy and power of the serve. Toss the ball straight up in front of your serving arm, aiming for a height that allows you to fully extend your arm and strike the ball at the highest point.

3. Contact

  • Arm Swing: Use a smooth, controlled arm swing to hit the ball. Your serving arm should come from behind your head and follow through towards the target.
  • Hand Contact: Aim to hit the ball with the heel of your hand or the base of your fingers to achieve a flat, powerful contact.

4. Follow-Through

  • Follow through with your arm swing, ensuring your arm extends fully towards the target. This aids in keeping the ball’s trajectory and velocity constant.

Types of Serves

1. Underhand Serve

  • Technique: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Hold the ball in your non-dominant hand, and use your dominant hand to swing under the ball. Step forward with your opposite foot as you make contact with the ball.
  • Usage: This serve is typically used by beginners due to its simplicity and ease of control. It’s less powerful but can be very consistent.

2. Overhand Serve

  • Technique: Stand with your feet in a staggered stance. Toss the ball in front of your serving arm and use an overhand arm swing to strike the ball. Ensure your toss is consistent and in line with your serving hand.
  • Usage: The overhand serve is more advanced and allows for greater power and control. It’s commonly used by intermediate and advanced players.

3. Float Serve

  • Technique: Similar to the overhand serve, but with a focus on minimal spin. Strike the ball with a firm, flat hand to create a “floating” effect. This causes the ball to move unpredictably in the air.
  • Usage: The float serve is effective because it’s difficult for the receiving team to predict the ball’s trajectory. It’s often used to disrupt the opponent’s serve receive formation.

4. Jump Serve

  • Technique: Begin with a few steps of approach, similar to a spike approach. Raise the ball and toss it slightly ahead of you. Jump and use an overhand swing to strike the ball at the peak of your jump.
  • Usage: The jump serve is powerful and can be very difficult to return. It requires good timing and coordination but can be a game-changer if executed well.

Advanced Serving Techniques

1. Topspin Serve

  • Technique: Toss the ball slightly higher and more in front of you. Use a snapping wrist action to generate topspin. This spin causes the ball to dip quickly as it crosses the net.
  • Usage: The topspin serve is effective because it combines speed with a downward trajectory, making it challenging for the opponent to pass.

2. Hybrid Serve

  • Technique: This combines elements of different serves, such as starting with a jump float serve but adding topspin at the last moment. The key is to disguise your intentions to confuse the opponent.
  • Usage: Hybrid serves keep the opponents guessing and can be tailored to exploit specific weaknesses in their formation.

Tips for Improving Your Serve

1. Consistency

  • Practice regularly to develop a consistent toss and contact point. Consistency in your serve is crucial to avoid unforced errors and to build confidence.

2. Accuracy

  • Aim for specific spots on the court to challenge the opponent’s serve receive. Practice serving to different zones, especially the seams between passers, to maximize your serve’s effectiveness.

3. Power

  • Work on building arm strength and technique to add power to your serve without sacrificing control. Exercises such as shoulder presses, tricep dips, and plyometric drills can be beneficial.

4. Mental Focus

  • Serving can be a mentally challenging aspect of the game. Develop a pre-serve routine to calm your nerves and focus your mind. Visualization techniques can also help improve your confidence and execution.

5. Observation

  • Watch other players and professional matches to learn different serving styles and strategies. Pay attention to how top players adjust their serves based on the game situation and opponent’s weaknesses.

6. Adaptability

  • Be ready to adapt your serve based on the game’s flow. If one type of serve isn’t effective, switch to another. The ability to vary your serve can keep opponents off balance.

Typical Serving Errors and Solutions

1. Erratic Toss

  • Fix: Practice a consistent toss. Your toss should be controlled and in the same spot every time.

2. Lack of Follow-Through

  • Fix: Ensure your arm follows through completely towards the target. This helps with both power and accuracy.

3. Inconsistent Contact

  • Fix: Focus on hitting the ball with the same part of your hand each time. Practice drills that emphasize proper hand contact.

4. Improper Footwork

  • Fix: Work on your foot positioning and weight transfer. Your feet should help generate momentum for the serve.


Mastering the serve in volleyball requires a combination of technique, practice, and mental fortitude. By understanding and practicing different serving techniques, you can become a more versatile and effective server. Whether you’re a beginner looking to develop a reliable underhand serve or an advanced player aiming to perfect a powerful jump serve, focusing on the fundamentals and continuously refining your skills will help you serve like a pro.



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